How do you get hemorrhoids? This is probably one of the most sought out answers today. Otherwise referred to as piles, hemorrhoids are basically swollen and inflamed veins in your lower rectum and anus. In short, they are simply congested veins.
There are two types of hemorrhoids (that is, internal and external) and they are categorized according to how much they protrude. Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum while external hemorrhoids develop under the skin around the anus and appear like balls of skin which vary in color from deep blue to a shade of red depending on the natural color of your skin. While internal hemorrhoids may not cause discomfort or pain, external piles usually lead to pain or discomfort especially during defecation. However, both types can cause bleeding.
Today, hemorrhoids are a common ailment especially among pregnant women and the elderly but more people are beginning to cope with this condition at an earlier stage in their lives due to bad lifestyle habits. As a result, by age fifty, more than 50% of the adults would have had to deal with the discomfort, itching and bleeding associated with piles.
Why Do People Get Hemorrhoids?
So how do you get hemorrhoids? Well, experts are divided on what exactly brings about hemorrhoids, but it is probably obvious that several mechanisms are at work. Traditionally, hemorrhoids have been associated with straining during bowel movement, prolonged sitting on the toilet and chronic constipation – all of which hinder flow of blood to and from the hemorrhoidal area, leading to a pool and enlargement of the vessels. This can also be the reason why hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy when the uterus exerts pressure on the veins.
Recent research findings indicate that hemorrhoid victims have their anal canal tone resting a little higher than normal. That is, their anal canal muscle is tighter than average. As a result, when they get to strain during bowel movement, pressure increases in the anal canal forcing the piles against sphincter muscle. In the end, the tissues that support and hold the piles in place get to weaken leading to bulged and prolapsed hemorrhoids.
Other factors that might cause increased pressure include: sitting for long periods of time, obesity, anal sex and a low fiber diet. Additionally, as you grow older, the chances of having prolapsed piles increase. This is because the connective tissues that hold the veins in your anus and rectum get to weaken and stretch
Symptoms of Hemorrhoids
The signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids vary depending on the type of hemorrhoids you have.
Internal Hemorrhoids Symptoms
In the case of internal hemorrhoids, symptoms include painless bleeding during bowel movement. This can be noticed from the small amounts of blood in the toilet bowl or on your toilet tissue.
Prolapsed Hemorrhoid Symptoms
When the internal hemorrhoid protrudes through the anal opening, it can cause a lot of pain and irritation. This is a medical condition that is called a prolapsed hemorrhoid. When this happens you will often see tags or feel protrusions from the anus. At their worse they need to be physically pushed back into the anal canal after each bowel movement. Rubber banding is often used to get rid of these types of hemorrhoids.
External Hemorrhoids Symptoms
If you have external hemorrhoids, the signs and symptoms to expect include:
- Itching or irritation in your anal area.
- Pain or discomfort.
- Swelling around your anus.
- A lump near your anus which may be sensitive or painful.
- Painful bleeding during bowel movement
When to see a Physician
Well, now that it’s clear how do you get hemorrhoids symptoms to develop, when you experience any of the above symptoms, it is time to take action either by adopting DIY methods or buy paying a visit to your physician. However, certain cases demand quick attention from a reputable physician.
So how do you tell it is time to see a specialist?
If your hemorrhoids are painful, bleed repetitively or do not improve even after applying home remedies, it is time to see a doctor. Additionally if you experience continuous bleeding do not mistake this for hemorrhoids only. Rectal bleeding can occur with other diseases such as anal cancer or colorectal cancer.
If you discover that your hemorrhoid symptoms started with a noticeable difference in your bowel habits or if you find that you are passing tarry, black or maroon stool, blood clots or blood mixed in the stool, seek medical attention immediately. These kinds of stools are an indication of more extensive bleeding elsewhere in your digestive tract. Another sign to seek emergency care is if you experience large amounts of rectal bleeding, dizziness, light headedness or faintness.
In closing, knowing how do you get hemorrhoids symptoms to develop is the key to coming up with the best lifestyle change to either prevent this condition from affecting you or in determining the best way to combat it.